Wolf spiders got their name from an ancient Greek word. They are vigorous and swift hunters with outstanding vision. They live mostly alone and hunt alone. Some are opportunistic hunters which pounce upon their victim as they find it or even chase it over short distances while some will wait for moving prey in or near the mouth of a hole. Despite its name, the wolf spider is quite small, much less than other spiders, which it co-exists very often.
The color of wolf spider ranges from gray to brown on the body while on the abdomen, they can have light or dark stripe along the midline. The female has a sort of pale color compared to male; they have a body length of more than 2 to 8 cm from the feet. The male is rather smaller with the maximum body length of at least 2 cm. This spider can move very fast and attack people (only in self-defense)
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Habitat and feeding
Color:Usually dark brown, often with paler (or sometimes yellow) stripes or markings
Movement:Do not fly
Shape:Stout-robust body with long, spiny legs
Size:Body length is approximately 10-30 mm spider , legs- 6-20 mm.
Life span:2-3 years
Region:Found throughout U.S. and other countries
Wolf spiders are unsociable creatures that roam alone at night, stalking prey. They are mostly nocturnal and are often mistaken for tarantulas.
They typically live on the ground, though some are known to climb partly up trees to catch their prey. Some hide in vegetation or leaf litter, while others dig tunnels or use other animals’ tunnel. Some wolf spider hunts in a set territory and return to a specific place to feed, while others wanders nomadically with no territory or home. Wolf spiders mostly eat ground dwelling insects and other spiders. Especially large females may eat small vertebrates. Some species chase down and grab their prey while others wait for it to walk by and ambush it. Wolf spider often jump on their prey, hold it between their legs and roll over on their back, trapping their prey with their limbs before biting it.Wolf spider use their profound eyesight, camouflage coloring, speedy movement and high sensitivity to vibrations to be aware of and keep safe from predators. They will always bite when threatened.
Are wolf spiders poisonous
Wolf spiders generally are capable of protection which may make them bite in some conditions, and some South American species can bite vigorously based on prolonged study of the spiders. Their venom is designed to attack the insects and their bite is usually not more painful than a bee sting. Some people have an allergic reaction to the bite of a spider-wolf. This may result into fever, edema and a dangerous increase in blood pressure but this happens very rarely but only in people with allergies.
Reproduction wolf spider
During mating, the male approaches the female with great care, from a distance of like 4cm to prevent any attack. His tentacles serve as an organ for copulation. Female eggs are formed in a cocoon in the egg sack attached to the end of the abdomen.
Female wolf spiders lay eggs along with them in their spherical, silk bags for eggs attached to their spinnerets.
The young spiders leave their mother in about a week after their birth. Some go ahead to build burrows, which can be their own home.
Wolf spider babies. Wolf spiders are distinctive in carrying their eggs in a round silk-like balloon, which is attached to their spinnerets at the end of the abdomen. Their abdomen is also in a good position to keep the eggs from falling to the ground, but they are still able to hunt while they carry their eggs.
It is also unique among the spiders due to its method of taking care and protecting their young ones. Immediately after the young spiders hatch from the eggs and emerge from their protective silken shelter, they scramble to their mothers feet and then spread in her belly. Their eyes reflect light as well, and one way to find them is to look out for them at night using a spotlight strapped to the forehead so that the light from the spotlight is reflected directly on their eyes.
Wolf spider facts
Female wolf spiders lives his entire life in a hole from which it hunts and at times sit at the entrance of the hole. Males also travel to the surroundings of the hole in search of for mating and reproduction.
The hole of wolf spider is always deep which can reach a depth of 30 cm, and is typically on stony and dry areas. The entrance to the hole usually has a funnel of grass glued web. The funnel helps to avoid attacks of a yellow scorpion (Buthusoccitanus) –which is known to be the main enemy of wolf spider. The depth of the hole is usually deep in order to protect the female wolf particularly when breeding – it is well protected from predators, so that the female will be able to successfully raise offspring, and also protects the male from the probability of being eaten by the female because the female wolf are usually hungry during raising of their offspring. Wolf spiders are nocturnal, although females can be seen at the entrance to its burrow in the brad day light. Female wolf resemble spiders nurses but the difference is that they carry their egg sacs attaching them to their spinning devices (instead of pedipalps). There are several species of wolf spiders, varying in size from 1cm to 8cm. They have eight pieces of eyes prearranged in three rows. The bottom row consists of four small eyes, middle row has two very large eyes (which distinguish them from Pisauridae), and the top row has two medium-sized eyes.
The arrangement of the spiders’ set of eyes help their clear vision when hunting. Their sense of touch is also sensitive. They are mostly harmless to humans, but a bite of wolf spider can cause some itching, but this in itself is not deadly.
Wolf spiders in the home
More people are choosing these spiders as pets. Wolf spider is now generally kept in the home as pets. Although the wolf spider is not very toxic, however, it’s a little nervous and very fast creature, raising all guards in protecting itself. Thus, there are some precautions for keeping this spider as pets. You need to know some important rules.
To begin with, remember that it is always better to take the female. The female wolf spider can reach the age of four years and older. The males can live up to two years, dying soon after puberty. In addition, females can produce numerous offspring in her lifetime.To keep the spider, keep it in a suit tank with a volume of 10 to 20 liters.
The height of the tank is not important because the wolf spider is not very good in climbing vertical surfaces. The tank or aquarium should be filled with peat or soil to a height of 6 to 12 cm from the bottom. The temperature inside the tank should be maintained between 25 and 30 ° C, and the humidity – 75 to 80%. Humidity should be controlled, and can be increased by covering the upper part of the tank with plastic wrap. Regularly provide spider with live food like- crickets,
cockroaches and other large insects, as well as fresh water organisms.
What does Wolf Spider eat? Food of wolf spider includes insects, such as flies, mosquitoes, crickets and larvae of beetles and many more. They also feed on spiders and other species of insect. Wolf spider are able to eat prey that is the same with their size or even a little more, such as lizards and frogs. This is a gluttonous predator that hunts almost exclusively at night.
He enthusiastically pursues its prey and bites it with his powerful fangs full of venom. The venom of this spider is not lethal to humans. However, it bites can leave marks on the skin for a long time, as the venom may cause necrosis.