Bumblebee is a Hymenoptera species of the bee family.
A large insect similar to the usual melliferous bees with the structure of the body and lifestyle. The length of tight bumblebee body, covered with dense short hairs and with predominantly black coloring with distinctive yellow bands in the abdomen area, can constitute 25-30 mm. The lower part of the body of bumblebee has white coloring and ends with a little sting, usually not visible.
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Color: Black with yellow stripes
Shape: Oval; bee shape
Size: 7-28 мм of an inch
Life span: 2 years
Region:Found throughout U.S. and other countries
Bumblebees, as bees are social insects, their large families consist of up to 200 individuals and there is a clear division of responsibilities for each of its members. Bumblebees feed on plants’ nectar, gathering it from blooming flowers.
Bumblebees are divided into three groups: the queen, workers and drones of insects. The ability to sting have only working bees and the queen.
Bumblebees are more peaceful insects compared to other Hymenopteras (bees, wasps, hornets) and use their stinger only for the purpose of self-defence. Bumblebees are very useful insects. Their nests must be strongly protected. Bumblebees relentlessly rush from flower to flower and therefore are valuable pollinators. They are especially important as pollinators of clover. When people started cultivating clover in Australia, it blossomed, but did not produce any seeds.
This continued until bumblebees were brought from Europe. Adult bumblebees and larvae, which they feed in their nests, feed on pollen and nectar of flowering plants. Bumblebees have very long proboscis and it is easy for them to get to the nectar of the flowers with narrow and deep aureoles. They are the main pollinators of one of the most important forage crops red clover.
Bumblebees have their nests in soil or in another convenient location. Abandoned rat mink, heap of moss, hollow of squirrel and birdhouse – all these are suitable for this purpose.
In early spring bumblebee female that survived the winter finds a place to nest. Having surrounded the nest with dry herbs or moss, the female makes inside the first round of wax cells. In the cell it puts a small stock of food – this is a mixture of pollen and honey – and lays few eggs. Having sealed the cell, the uterus builds a next one, which does not differ in such a correct form, as cells of honey bees do.
Meanwhile, in the first cell larvae are bread. When they eat all the food, female bites in through the cell and feeds them. After one and a half to two weeks, the larvae begin to weave silk oval cocoons and turn into pupae. From
pupae small working bumblebees are brought (smaller not breeding females) who immediately start working: complete the nest, collect food and fed
In cold weather they amicably “beep” in the nest, raising the temperature to a comfortable 30-35° c. Closer to the fall from the eggs appear new capable of breeding females and males. Bumblebees develop in one generation. Males, having fertilized females, die soon, but females survive the winter and next spring to start a new family.
Do bumblebees sting
Stings of insects are hollow inside, like a needle syringe. When biting, insects inject through it a microscopic dose of poison. It is a poison rather than wound on the skin that causes pain, itching and irritation. The response of human body to the sting of the bumblebee depends primarily on its individual characteristics. For most healthy people, such bite poses no danger. Severe allergic reaction may occur in 1% of cases and is most likely to occur with repeated bites.
Local non-allergic reaction is manifested for the first time as short-term pain and burning, and then in the form of redness, swelling (edema) and itching on the skin area around the site of the bite. Redness and swelling usually disappear within 1-5 days. If a person has been bitten by a bumblebee in the eyelid or near the eye, swelling can last up to 8 days.
Symptoms of a bite:
Redness, itching and swelling applied to whole body;
Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea;
There may be signs of suffocation.
All the symptoms are complemented by rising temperature, rising pulse, fever, pains in the joints, convulsions, loss of consciousness are possible – it is a sign of anaphylactic shock, which requires immediate hospitalization.
How bumblebees sting must be treated?
Take fresh dandelion leaves or psyllium, grind and bind to the site of the bite. Change compress every 2-3 hours.
Attach to wound fresh parsley leaves.
Take 1/2 teaspoon of tansy flower, pour 200 ml of boiling water, simmer for 5 minutes, drain. From the resulting broth do lotions on the bite.
Chop the onion into mush and impose it on the bite. Or make a poultice of onion juice, having them blindfold.
Cut raw potato into thin plates and apply it to the site of inflammation. Make a poultice of lemon juice or tinctures of Callisia fragrans and vodka.
Make freezed cube of milk and apply it for 10 minutes.
Dissolve some baking soda with water and impose on a painful place. Or make the soda solution, dissolving 1 teaspoon of soda in a glass of water, wet the gauze with it and apply for 15-20 minutes.
Drinking alcohol is prohibited after insect bites, since it leads to increased swelling.
Often people provoke insects attack themselves, trying to drive them away. Bumblebees are attracted and irritated by pungent perfume smell, alcohol, sweat, roasted meat. One should remember that precautions never hurt.
The need for treatment in a medical institution is thrown under the following circumstances:
Number of bites exceeds twenty;
The victim is a child, people with chronic diseases or elderly ones;
The sting of the bumblebee was in the mucous membrane of the mouth, or eyeball;
There are signs of an allergic reaction or they accompanied previous insects bites;
There are signs of infection: pain, swelling, and chills, inflammation in the amplify bite site acquires purulent nature.
How to get rid of the bumblebee nest
It is worth mentioning that destroying bumblebees nest is worth only if it imposes a threat to human health, since it is a very useful insect that pollinates the flowers of many species of plants.
The most effective methods of destruction of bumblebees nests:
- Drownnest together with insects. If the nest is in the ground, you can add the insecticide, pour it with water, and cover with something so they could not fly out.
- Burn thenest. In order for nest to burn well, sprinkle it with gasoline or kerosene. Main disadvantages of this way – you can applyy it only if the nest is hanging on resistant base and there is no risk to create a fire situation.
- Wrapthe nest with plastic bag containing powdered insecticide.
Another way to use insecticide fits destruction of nests located in the hollow of a tree: pour insecticide into a hollow and cover the hole with filler.
Once determined with the method, proceed to destroy bumblebees closer to the midnight when the insect activity is minimal.