Bed bugs are parasitic insects related to the order Heteroptera, and feeds on the blood of warm-blooded animals. The blood they feed on regulates their body temperature.
How do bed bugs spread?
Color:Adults are Red-brown. Nymphs are nearly colorless.
Movement:do not fly
Shape:Flat, broad oval
Size:Adults are 3-8,4mm long. Nymphs 1.3mm-5 mm.
Life span:1 years
Region:Found throughout U.S. and other countries
In the early days, the ancestors of bed bugs were found in the caves of Asia. The first of them is mentioned in the ancient Greek sources in 400 BC and later, Aristotle wrote about them. Pliny in his book “Natural History” mentioned about bedbug’s ability to treat snake bites and ear infections.
They are often adapted to human environment and found are commonly found in homes especially living apartments. Mostly, bedbugs are being brought into the house by the inhabitants themselves. If they have spent some time in an area infected by this parasites, they can crawl up to them and cling themselves tight to them. They can be brought in through luggage, handbag, clothing, beds and bed cloth, furniture, etc. Often these parasites get into the house through items bought from an infected store.
Do bed bugs have wings?
Bedbugs cannot fly and run fast. These insects are characterized by very low mobility, especially after feeding on blood. Bedbugs hide perfectly in every possible corner during the day and they initiate their attack on human in the night when they are deep asleep. This makes it difficult to notice their presence in the house.
Signs of bed bugs. The presence of bedbugs in the house does not leave any noticeable signs, nothing like nests or holes for hide out, but they tend to gather in safe places far away from their food source. Such sites can be visually identified by dark spots of excrement of the insects, with which you can discover their eggs and larvae skins. Generally, the incubation period for the growth of the larvae from the eggs is three or four days. In some cases, development may take longer if the environmental conditions are unfavorable. At a temperature below 15 ° larval development is deferred.
What do bed bugs look like?
Young nymph evolving from the eggs seemingly has the same structure as the adult. The main difference is size. Nymph (newborn larvae) does not exceed 1 mm in length. Young larvae has lighter color after hatching, they are almost white and then gradually turn yellow as they grow.
During the development cycle, the larva changes the shell five times, since the size of the young larvae does not correspond to the body length of the grown bug. A fully grown bug size is about 3.8mm-4.0 mm. It also depends largely on how much blood they feed on. Well-fed bugs swell up to 8.4 mm. The body of the parasite flattened and adapted to supply blood and the males have a size smaller than females. Also, the color of the parasites later turns from dark brown to yellowish brown.
On the head of the bug, there is a proboscis that is used to puncture the skin to suck blood. In its jaws are bristles that form channels: one for the saliva in the bite site, and the second – for the blood sampling.
They have a flexible and strong body, and crushing them may be very difficult,
How to know if you have bed bugs? Bedbugs can hide in small cracks and crannies, close to the human environment. They can be found behind baseboards, beds and furniture, as well as backpacks and under the seats in cars, buses and trains. They often hide in beds, sofas, electric gadgets, etc. These parasites cannot withstand cold but they can adapt to it. They can do without feeding for 5months by falling into a kind of suspended energy.
Bed bugs can survive a wide range of temperatures and atmospheric compositions. Below 16°C , adults enter semi hibernation and can survive longer; they can survive for at least for five days at −10 °C , but die after 15 minutes of exposure to −32 °C (−26 °F). They show high desiccation tolerance, surviving low dampness and between 35–40 °C ranges even with loss of one-third of body weight; earlier life stages are more susceptible to drying out than later ones. Among the most effective insecticides for preventing bedbugs are pyrethroids (cypermethrin, alfatsipermetrin, deltamethrin, and lambda-cyhalothrin). An effective and efficient option for the treatment of contaminated clothing, bedding, toys, shoes, backpacks and so on is clothes dryer installed at and high temperature for 10 to 20 minutes. From natural protection-repellent agents can use flowers, leaves and stalks of tansy or decoction of the leaves of wild rosemary marsh. Natural enemies of bed bugs are dirty hischnetsy, cockroaches, ants, mites, centipedes, spiders. Pharaoh ant venom is deadly to the parasites.
Bedbugs inflicts human with the terrible discomfort of their bites and series of confrontational health effects may result from the bugs’ bite.
Are bed bugs contagious?
There is no indication that bed bugs can carry diseases. However, it does not exclude the possibility of transmission of organisms that cause tularemia, brucellosis, smallpox, hepatitis B, tuberculosis, typhoid and anthrax. Human body naturally responds to the ethereal infection that causes serious illness, sometimes incompatible with life. Pathogens diseases are contagious to humans through the blood and only in certain temperature conditions.
- Bed bugs, Hemiptera (Neteroptera or Hemiptera), Hemiptera squad, has over 40 thousand species and are characterized by converting the mouthparts in piercing-sucking proboscis, which alone is usually placed horizontally with the bottom side of the body.
- Detachment divided into two suborders
Some bugs also spread infectious diseases. An example is the so-called kissing bugs. It is a species of bug- predator that lives in Central and South America. It is better to stay away from this bug if you find yourself in this part of the world.
Do bed bug bites itch? In some people, bedbugs can cause severe allergic reactions, blisters and redness. A number of various health effects may result from bedbug’s bites, including skin rashes and symptoms of allergies.Bite one bug consists of multiple punctures of the skin, which are located at a short distance from each other. Bugs always feed on every 5-10 days. The young larva sucks about 1/3mg of blood while the adult female drinks up to 7 mg
Saliva of these parasitic insects is rich in enzymes that cause human skin allergic reactions, manifested in the form of intolerable itching. In areas of intense scratching, it causes blister which formed an open wounds – ulcers, through which a bacteria causing pustular inflammation penetrate the skin.
Bedbugs bite absolutely generally. They do not consider if you are a healthy or a sick person. Every blood they suck is life. Therefore, they bite the sick, and after “in good conscience” bite people that are completely healthy, this happens often. As a result – a person without allergy to itching now becomes the owner of dangerous infectious diseases. These parasites are very easy to carry a variety of pathogens.
Why is it called kissing bugs? This bugs likes to bite people in the face, and can be a carrier of fever, which is the causative agent contained in the secretions of the bug. Symptoms of the disease are fever and disruption of the heart.
Can you see bed bugs?
Bed bugs are nocturnal; they are inactive in the presence of light (during the day) but super active during the night to feed on their prey. Bedbugs love to apply more effort on the extraction of food. Therefore, they choose their favorite victim of people with thin delicate skin – the first people are the children, then the women and then matured men who have a thicker and harder skin. These parasites majorly identifies skin type through smell, they have well-developed sense of smell. They can detect victims at a great distance, so they quickly settled in all rooms of the apartment.
The average life expectancy of bedbugs is 365 days (a year); in the absence of food, bugs can fall into a state similar to spyachku in which, at relatively low temperatures, they can survive more than one year. In unfavorable conditions, bedbugs can migrate from the ventilation ducts in their hideout to the outside walls of the houses. An adult bedbug covers a distance of 1m in one minute while the nymph – up to 25 cm/minute.
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